In this article, we will discuss how to play the violin for beginners. Who does not know the violin instrument? This one musical instrument besides having a beautiful shape, also has a distinctive and melodious voice, making anyone murmur in awe when they see someone or several people can play it lively.
Are you interested in learning this one musical instrument? Before playing the violin, you need to know a few things about the violin, namely:
1. Know the parts of the violin
Usually when you will learn a tool, then you are required to recognize the parts and functions of the tool.
Serves as a place to rest your hand when tuning the violin for more comfort.
Serves as a string binder as well as a tone (tuning) on each string.
Functions as a fulcrum, which is to hold the fingerboard and unite the body and the head of the violin.
Serves to place the fingers of the left hand when pressing the violin strings. To know the difference between the neck and the fingerboard, usually the fingerboard is marked in black. The fingerboard on the violin does not have frets like it has on the guitar.
Serves to provide free space for the movement of the bow when it is swiped.
There are two f-shaped holes in the violin body which function as a place for sound to come out of the sound resonance in the violin body.
It is the most important part of the violin because it contributes to the production of a good sound. Bridge serves to transmit sound vibrations from the strings of the violin body. Bridges are made curved to hold the strings at a certain height and to make it easier to rub. The arch is made with great care so that the separation of the strings has a frictional distance.
Has the function of tuning the sound of the violin, so if the violin is only half to one note, then the tuning can be done from here.
Serves as a place to put fine tuners and also to hold the base of the strings so that they are stable and fit into the bridge position.
Serves to support the violin with the chin and jaw.
Located in the body of the violin behind the bridge position on the right is a small bar and can be seen from the f hole. This soundpost serves to transmit vibrations from the bridge to the violin resonance chamber.
Then there are the 2 most important violin accessories in playing the violin, namely a violin bower which is commonly called a bow and a rosin which serves to make the hairbow rougher.
2. Confirm a few things after buying the violin
There are several things you need to make sure after buying a violin. First, make sure the bridge on the violin is installed because some violin sellers have not installed it. The position of the bridge is perpendicular between the f holes. If you find it difficult, you can use marked paper
After installing the bridge correctly, you must tune the violin strings. If you buy a violin in a store, you can ask the seller for help. If you buy it in an online shop, then you have to tune it yourself. For beginners, adjusting the pitch of the violin strings can be done with the help of an application on a smartphone. Be careful doing this, don’t let the strings break.
Next you have to rub the rosin on the hairbow of the violin. If you don’t do that, it’s certain that the violin won’t sound. Before the rosin is rubbed on the hairbow, the rosin must be sanded or slashed in a longitudinal direction until the top surface of the rosin is completely eroded and becomes no longer clear.
This will make the rosin powder stick to the hairbow and produce a sound when the violin strings are rubbed. Do not rub the hairbow with too much rosin, as rubbing the strings will create a harsh sound.
In addition to rubbing the rosin on the hairbow, tighten the hairbow if it feels loose by turning the end of the screw clockwise until the distance between the wood and the hairbow is wide enough for a pencil to pass easily from end to end. Do not replace the pencil with your little finger because the oil on your skin could stick to the hairbow and it will affect the sound produced when swiping the violin.
3. Practice the basic techniques of learning the violin
Well, if you’ve done the four important things after buying the violin, you can already learn the basic techniques of playing the violin. For those of you who are beginners, you need to practice holding the violin with your shoulders and chin as often as possible. The position of the violin should rest on the neck. If you already know how to hold the violin properly, then you can practice holding the violin while doing light activities such as watching tv, reading, or other activities.
In addition to practicing holding the violin, the next important thing is to swipe the violin strings. If you see an advanced violinist, it looks simple and easy, but actually it takes several techniques, namely the technique of holding the bow and the technique of swiping the violin strings correctly. To hold the bow, the hands must be relaxed but still powerful so that the bow does not get out of hand.
At first your hands will feel stiff and it is highly recommended to train wrist flexibility. This will be very useful in the learning process. Practice swiping the strings with the bow from the bottom up and vice versa as often as possible, making sure that the motion of the bow stays straight. For beginners, you can swipe the strings one by one alternately without being pressed by fingers.
As you often practice holding the violin and strumming the violin strings with an open tone (open string), you can practice swiping the violin strings while pressing the strings with your fingers. You need to know the position of the finger on the violin to produce a certain note. From left to right use the index finger, middle finger, ring finger and little finger alternately to press each string so that later it will produce successive scales.
An easy scale for beginners is the D Major scale, which starts on the open D string (2nd string). For beginners, usually do not use the little finger at the beginning of the exercise.
4. Learn to read notes
When you have learned the basic techniques in detail and are able to apply them smoothly, then the next thing you have to do is learn to read musical notes. This is very important for anyone who wants to be good at playing an instrument, not just the violin.
The scale containing do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-si is a very simple musical notation as the basis of musical knowledge. Not only that, you also have to be able to read notes A-B-C and so on. In order not to get bored, you can play simple songs to facilitate you in reading notes.
Tips for Playing the Violin
Do not store the bow in a state that is still tight / not loosened because it can damage the bow.
Practice at a slow tempo first, then start increasing the tempo gradually. Later you will get used to the techniques you learn without feeling overwhelmed.
Study with a teacher if you want faster progress.
Clean the rosin powder that sticks to the strings and body of the violin after practicing. Use a soft, dry and clean cloth. Do not clean the rosin powder that sticks to the haribow.
Cleaning the violin with other types of polish or with water will damage the lacquer finish and the violin’s acoustics. Water also causes the violin to peel off, so use it sparingly
The storage area is at the right temperature so as not to damage the violin