Types of vocal techniques

Types of vocal techniques to Improve Your Singing Voice

Vocal practice is indeed an important aspect if you want to learn to sing. Why is that? Because with a good vocal technique the sound produced will sound clear, melodious, and also loud.

Well, in practicing vocals there are several factors that must be considered and trained regularly, such as: intonation, articulation, resonance, breathing, and disposition techniques.

However, before going into a complete discussion of the various vocal techniques, let’s first understand the basic meaning of vocal techniques.

Definition of Vocal Technique

Vocal technique is a way to produce a good and efficient voice, so that the sound that comes out sounds clear, beautiful, melodious, and loud, and has technical value in singing.

Practicing vocal techniques also has thousands of benefits, because apart from being able to produce a higher quality sound, cultivating vocal techniques also helps keep one’s body anatomy stable.

Types Of Vocal Techniques

There are 5 kinds of vocal techniques in singing that must be learned, namely: intonation, articulation, resonance, breathing, and disposition. The five vocal techniques must be learned and practiced if you want to produce a melodious and quality sound.

1. Intonation

Intonation is a type of vocal technique that is related to the high and low accuracy of the sound in each note, which in each number of syllables has a different emphasis.

Someone who does good intonation will usually produce a voice that is loud, clear, and comfortable to hear.

There are several ways to practice intonation, including:

Sing at a slow tempo, then faster.
Sing at various tempos.
Singing with varying notes starting from the lower notes to the high notes with the articulation of na, ka, la, and ra.

2. Articulation

Articulation in vocal technique is a change in the channel in the air cavity space that can produce a clearer sound. While in singing, articulation is defined as a technique of pronouncing words well, clearly, and smoothly so that the message of the song can be understood and understood by listeners.

The factors that must be considered to get a good articulation, among others:


The correct posture will help facilitate air circulation as the main driver of sound production. Good and correct body position in singing a song, among others:

  • Head should be erect, looking forward.
  • Straight spine.
  • Chest slightly puffed up.
  • Both feet are firmly planted on the floor and slightly apart.

Mouth Position

The position of the mouth also affects the sound formation process, if the shape and position of the mouth is wrong, the sound produced will be deaf, weak, and not loud.

The correct shape and position of the oral organs when producing sound are as follows:

  • Open your mouth three fingers wide vertically (elliptical mouth shape) so that the sound that comes out is not weak and round.
  • The upper incisors are half covered by the upper lip.
  • The position of the lower lip is pressed against the lower incisors so that the sound power is not reduced.
  • The airflow is directed to the hard ceiling so that the sound that comes out is clear and loud.
  • The soft palate and tongue are pulled up to close the opening to the nasal cavity.
  • The arch of the palate is opened wide and kept the tongue flat, while the tip of the tongue touches the lower incisors.
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Vocal Practice

The purpose of vocalist training is to maintain and perfect vowels or consonants with techniques so that the resulting sound production becomes round, melodious, and beautiful.

Vocal Sound Forming Techniques

Vowel sounds are sounds that come out because the air from the lungs does not get blocked and the type of vowel depends on the position of the lips, the high and low of the tongue, and the back and forth of the tongue.

Consonant Sound Forming Technique

Consonants are sounds that come out of the lungs when they are blocked or blocked. The formation of consonants depends on the role of the tongue as an articulator and the target of the point of articulation.

3. Resonance

Resonance in singing is a symptom of sound returned from a room, a kind of echo that arises due to the presence of a hard-walled room so that it reflects sound.

In vocal technique, resonance is very important to make the vocal cords louder and more beautiful.

This is because the sound produced by the vocal cords is only 1.5 – 2 cm in size, so it is very weak. Therefore it is very necessary to do exercises to form a natural resonance.

There are four resonant cavities in humans, namely:

  • Upper resonance (nasal cavities / hard palate) are all the cavities above the mouth and throat in the human head.
  • The middle resonance is in the mouth and the back of the mouth (pharynx).
  • Lower (chest) resonance.
  • Resonance whose shape cannot be changed, namely in: forehead cavity, wedge bone cavity, sieve bone cavity, jaw cavity.

4. Breathing

Breathing is one of the most important vocal techniques that need to be practiced continuously. Because, a singer will need more air out and into the lungs.

On the other hand, if you don’t practice breathing regularly, this will result in your body’s endurance so that the songs that are sung will tend to falter and sound forced like someone who is running out of breath.

Breathing techniques in singing are divided into three types, namely:

  • Chest breathing.
  • Abdominal breathing.
  • Diaphragmatic breathing.


When inhaling the air, try to do it slowly, the stomach swells so that the chest cavity is wide open and the incoming air can be maximized. Once the air enters, hold it for 5 seconds, 10 seconds, or 15 seconds in increments.
Release the air little by little (steady) with a hissing sound. Do this exercise repeatedly.

5. Innate

Innate singing is one of the techniques that a singer must have when performing a musical performance.

If a singer is not good at singing, even though he has a fairly good vocal technique, the result will still be unattractive and will certainly be less attractive.

So that the nature of musical performances is very important so that communication can occur between singers and audiences.

Factors that influence the presentation of song rendition include:

  • Theme.
  • Tempo.
  • Dynamic.
  • Expression.
  • Rhythm.
  • Message.
  • Singing style.

That’s our brief explanation of the various vocal techniques in singing, hopefully it can be useful and help all of you in practicing good vocal techniques.

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